Manage this blog

This post will describe the steps to manage the blog on Gihub.

Start a new blog

See the previous post: URL

Manage this blog

1 . Add/Del posts.

Using the rake command to create new posts, and git rm to delete old posts.

# Add post   
rake post title="name"

# Del post
git rm _post/2015-04-**_123

2 . Add/Del pages.

Using the rake command to create new pages.

rake page name="newPage"

It will create a new folder of your input name, that contain a index.html file.

3 . Change the style of this blog.

Suppose you are familiar with the directory structure of Jekyll static blogs. A basic Jekyll site usually looks something like this:
Find more details at

├── _config.yml
├── _drafts
|   ├── begin-with-the-crazy-ideas.textile
|   └── on-simplicity-in-technology.markdown
├── _includes
|   ├── footer.html
|   └── header.html
├── _layouts
|   ├── default.html
|   └── post.html
├── _posts
|   ├── 2007-10-29-why-every-programmer-should-play-nethack.textile
|   └── 2009-04-26-barcamp-boston-4-roundup.textile
├── _data
|   └── members.yml
├── _site
├── assets
|   ├── images *images in this site.
|   └── themes *css files
├── pages


Stores configuration data. Caution about the url title and name.


The posts you do not want to publish can be placed in this folder. title.MARKUP.


Most of the theme and JB files are in this folder.
/_includes/themes/mark-reid/ :
default.html : the default part of page/post in html format.
page.html : the default format of pages
post.html : the default format of posts
posts_collate : return the variable include JB/posts_collate
tags_list : return the variable include JB/tags_list %}
categories_list : return the variable include JB/categories_list
comments : return the variable include custom/comments ...


These are the templates that wrap posts. The liquid tag content is used to inject content into the web page.
These files will be overwritted according to the changes in _include/theme/...


Your dynamic content. the files must follow the format: YEAR-MONTH-DAY-title.MARKUP


This is where the generated site will be placed once Jekyll is done transfroming it. It's probably a good idea to add this to .gitignore file.

index.html (or, Textile files)

Provided that the file has a YAML Front Matter section, it will be transformed by Jekyll. (also for .html, .markdown, .md or .textile).


Change the main CSS file /assets/themes/mark-reid/css/screen.css for the layout of the site.

Frequently para: #header, #footer, pre, code ...

margin/padding: up right bottom left.

  • font
    • font-size : 14px;, with line-height: 20px;

    - font-family : "Galdeano","Hiragino Sans GB","Microsoft YaHei",Trebuchet,"Trebuchet MS",Tahoma,"Lucida Grande","Lucida Sans Unicode",Verdana,sans-serif;

    • disqus & Google analytics


The collection of all the pages in this blog. eg: /pages/


1. Change the layout of header in CSS file.

File: /assets/themes/mark-reid/css/screen.css

The html code of the header:

<div id="header">
        <a href="/" title="M's Space">M's Space</a>
    <ul class="nav">
      <li><a class="home" href="/">Home</a></li>
      <li><a class="archive" href="/pages/archive.html">Archive</a></li>
      <li><a class="categories" href="/pages/categories.html">Categories</a></li>
      <li><a class="links" href="/pages/links.html">Links</a></li>
      <li><a class="about" href="/pages/about.html">About Me</a></li>

The CSS code in file screen.css

/* @group Header */
#header, #header a { color: #F2F2F2; border-bottom: none; }
#header:hover a { text-decoration: none; }
#header {
    position: relative;
    font-variant: small-caps;
    padding-left: 1em;
    border: 1px solid white;
    background-color: #585858;
    font-family: "Helvetica",Palatino,georgia,"times new roman",serif;
#header h1 a{
    font-size: 16px;
    font-weight: bold;
    line-height: 20px;
    font-family: "Helvetica",Palatino, georgia, "times new roman", serif;
#header ul {
    text-align: right;
    position: absolute;    
    display: inline;
    margin: 0;
    top: 0;
    right: 0;
    width: 80%;
#header ul li { display: inline; }
#header ul li a {
    font-size: 13px;
    line-height: 4em;
    padding: 0.5em;
    display: inline;
#header ul li a:hover {
    color: #1C1C1C;
    background-color: white;
    line-height: 100%;
    border-bottom: none;
    text-decoration: none;
body #home #header a.home,
body #archive #header a.archive,
body #categories #header a.categories,
body #links #header a.links,
body #about #header a.about
    color: #585858;
    background-color: white;
/* @end */

2. Jekyll variables

categories.path can be found in config.yml:

JB :
  # These paths are to the main pages Jekyll-Bootstrap ships with.
  # Some JB helpers refer to these paths; change them here if needed.
  archive_path: /pages/archive.html
  categories_path : /pages/categories.html
  tags_path : /pages/tags.html
  links_path : /pages/
  about_path: /pages/

Aware about the config, site.JB.categories_path will return '/pages/categories.html'.

*.md or *.html must be consistent with the files in /pages.

Never mix is up.

3. Preview the files in _draft

you can run either of the following command to preview your draft as the latestt post.

jekyll serve --draft 

jekyll build --draft 
Ming | 2015-04-13